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  附圖G381MB48.JPG
  畫面中文提示:
  一個男孩坐在鋼琴前,看著琴譜,露出一臉苦相。她身后的那位神情嚴肅的女人正目不轉睛地盯著樂譜,搖動手指,狀若擊拍。男孩的手指按在琴鍵上,心卻飛到了足球場上……
  這幅畫涉及的表達內容非常常見,無非是彈鋼琴,心不在焉,踢足球,家長教育孩子等等,但要將話說活就不那么容易。所謂說話,是指除了運用最基本的詞匯和短語,如to play the piano,absent-minded,to play football,to educate the boy之外,還要通過其他的手段,如擴展和聯想,詞與詞、詞組與詞組和句子與句子之間的習慣組合等等,使所說的連貫、圓潤、自然。
   Description of the Little Boy
  1.A little boy is playing the piano.
  2.But his mind is a million miles away.
  3.There is an unhappy expression on his face.
  4.He is looking hard at the sheet music to try to play the music.
  5.He doesn't seem to enjoy what he is doing.
  6.There is little thought bubble above his head.
  7.It indicates that he is thinking about playing football.
  8.He would rather be out of the house playing football.
  9.Now he will only do what is necessary to satisfy his mother and no more.
  講解:
  第一句A little boy is playing the piano.是最簡單、最概括、但又是最籠統的說法。畫面上的男孩正看著鋼琴上的樂譜(sheet music),顯然他是在一邊讀譜(read the music),一邊練習,因而我們可以將這句話說得更具體一點:
  A little boy is playing the piano while he is reading the music.
  一個小男孩正一邊彈琴,一邊讀著樂譜。
  A poor little boy is reading the sheet music while playing the piano.
  一個可憐的小男孩正一邊讀譜,一邊彈著鋼琴。
  The little boy in the picture is looking hard at the sheet music to try to play the music.
  畫中的小男孩正拼命盯著樂譜,試圖彈出那首樂曲。
  第二句But his mind is a million miles away.是一句夸張的說法,表示他心不在焉、心思全然不在彈鋼琴上。要表示這個意思,我們還可以說:
  His heart is not in it.
  His mind is distracted.
  His mind is not in playing the piano.
  第五句He doesn't seem to enjoy what he is doing.表示他對彈鋼琴沒有興趣。與這句意義相近的句子還有:
  He is not pleased about what he is doing.
  He doesn't get any pleasure out of it.
  He doesn't derive any pleasure from playing the plano.
  那么,他究竟在想什么呢?根據圖示,我們可以說:
  His mind is on the football game that he could be playing.
  He is thinking about playing football while playing the piano.
   Description of the Woman
  1.A lady wearing an apron is standing behind the boy.
  2.She is wearing an apron with a big pocket on the front of it.
  3.Her apron has a ruffle on it and her pants are plaid.
  4.She is concentrating very hard on what he is doing.
  5.Her left hand is resting on her waist.
  6.She is directing him and she is keeping the beat with her finger.
  7.She is making sure that he keeps an even beat.
  8.She looks very serious.
  講解:
  第二句She is wearing an apron with a big pocket on the front of it.描繪其裝束,再進一步地描繪得更細致一點,我們可以說:
  The woman wears a short-sleeved top.
  這個女人穿一件短袖上衣。
  She wears a pair of white-checked slacks.
  她穿一條白色的格子便褲。
  描繪時亦可以加入一些聯想:
  I guess she must be his mother.
  我猜想她一定是他的母親。
  She is not his piano instructor because she is wearing an apron.
  她不是他的鋼琴老師,因為她戴著圍裙。
  She must have been cooking in the kitchen.
  她可能是在廚房里做飯。
  But she is taking time from cooking to supervise him.
  她現在從廚房里忙中偷閑,抽出時間來督促他。
  She looks like she is supervising him very carefully,stopping him whem he makes a mistake.
  她正在很認真地看著他彈琴,他要是彈錯,她便會讓他停下。
   Comment on the Little Boy
  1.The boy is obviously very unhappy.
  2.He is being forced by his mother to practice playing the piano.
  3.He is not at all interested in what he is doing.
  4.His hands are following his mother,but his brain is not following too much.
  5.His mind is not on his music.
  6.He is distracted by the thought of what he would rather bedoing instead of concentrating on improving his piano skills.
  7.If his desire were to improve his piano skills,then he would be more focused on doing it,and would do much better.
  8.I think he should be let out to play football.
  講解:
  興趣是最好的老師。一個人做他不喜歡做的事情是很難做好的。從這個觀點看,我們可以說:
  The boy is not at all interested in what he is doing.
  He'd rather be out of the house playing football.
  If he is interested in playing the piano,he will automatically want to do it.
  And he will have a driving force to try to do better and better.
  If he doesn't care,then he will not concentrate.
  And he will only do what is necessary to satisfy his motherand no more.
  我們來對兩個句型強化一下:
  If he is interested in playing the piano,he will automatically want to do it.(自覺)
  he will do it on his own without being prompted to do so.(不需要別人督促)
  he will happily do so without being pressed by others.(勿需別人強迫)
  If he does not care,then he will not concentrate.(思想不集中)
  have his heart in it.(心思不在上面)
  be interested in doing it.(不感興趣)
  put his mind to it.(心不在焉)
  然而學非坦途,學習的過程是付出辛勤勞動的過程。這孩子時尚年幼,對于這個道理的認識恐怕還不夠。因此,我們不妨從另一個角度來評論這個男孩:
  The boy doesn't realize right now that there are many thingsthat he should be forced to do.
  這孩子尚未懂得:有許多事情是要被逼著去做的。
  Also,when you first begin to learn something,it is very difficult;it is always better to just stick to it.
  再說,剛開始學一樣東西總是很難的。這時,最好的方法是堅持不懈。
  Perhaps as he tries to play the piano,he makes many,many mistakes.
  也許是因為他在練琴時出了很多錯誤。
  And these mistakes make him less motivated to do it.
  這些錯誤誤傷了他學琴的欲望。
  They discourage him and make him think that he is a poor piano player.
  這些錯誤使他沮喪,并使他覺得自己不是彈琴的料。
   Comment on the Woman
  1.The boy's mother must have been musically educated.
  2.She must be a very strict mother and a responsible housewife.
  3.She understands that children should be forced to do something sometimes.
  4.Probably she believes that learning something difficult atan early age will be good for children.
  5.But she must try to find a happy medium.
  講解:
  第一句The boy's mother must have been musically educated.是說這位母親頗有音樂修養。她之所以這樣做,是因為她深知:學習鋼琴對于孩子的好處不僅僅在于學習音樂本身,更重要的是讓孩子在大量反復和枯燥的機械練習過程中,培養一種嚴肅認真的人生態度。
  要表達這個意思,我們可以說:
  She wants to expose him to music,teach him about music and try to interest him in music.
  她希望他接觸音樂,了解音樂,并努力讓他對音樂產生興趣。
  Playing the piano will teach him coordination,and this is a very good training for children.
  彈鋼琴會使他具有協調感,這種訓練對兒童很有好處。
  Through playing the piano,the boy will learn discipline,and learn to continue at an activity,even if it is very difficult,until it gets easier.
  通過彈鋼琴,孩子會懂得守規矩,懂得即使在困難的情況下也要堅持不懈,不斷進取。
  第三句She understands that children should be forced to do something sometimes.的句意是:她知道,有時應該逼著孩子去做一些事情。
  看得出來,這是一位嚴格的母親。在她看來,孩子決不能一味聽任,那樣反而會害了孩子;足見其用心良苦。這層意思也多少可以從下面的句子中體現出來:
  Parents often have a better understanding of what is best for their children.
  父母更懂得什么東西對孩子最合適。
  If a boy has a total control over everything he will do in his life,then he will probably not even go to school,and perhaps won't study anything.
  如果一切都聽任孩子的話,那么他可能不去上學,而且可能什么都不想學。
  Maybe all he will do is play football all day long,and this would not be good for him.
  他可能除了踢足球外,什么都不做。這對于孩子決無任何好處。
  And therefore,it is important that his mother should instruct him and direct him towards things that he does not enjoy doing now,but that will be good for him in the long run.
  所以,母親應該教育和引導他,讓他做一些眼下他并不喜歡,但從長遠看對他有好處的事情。這一點很重要。
  第五句But she must try to find a happy medium.的句意是:但她應該找到一種孩子樂于接受的方法。
  母親的出發點值得肯定,但采用不同的方法往往會導致不同的結果。做父母的應懂得孩子的心理。只有這樣,他們對孩子所施行的教育才會更有效果。表達上述意思,我們可以說:
  Parents should rather use persuasion than force to get a child interested in taking up a hobby.
  父母應該勸說,而不該逼孩子對某事發生興趣。
  Well-meaning parents ought to know how to arouse their children's interest.
  好心的父母應知道怎樣去激發孩子的興趣。
  If they don't know how to go about it,the result will likely be the very opposite.
  如果他們不懂得如何行事,結果很可能適得其反。
  It's not easy for parents to know how to be kind and effective.
  對于家長來說,要知道怎樣愛孩子,怎樣管好孩子并不是一件容易的事情。
  實例:
   Sample 1
  Here we have a somewhat unusual situation:a young boy is being forced to practice piano by his mother.As he practices,his mind is not on the music but on the football game that he could be playing.It is very common for boys not to like takingpiano lessons;it is mostly girls who take piano lessons.Many times mothers will force their sons to take piano lessons because it has been shown that young students who take piano lessons usually do better in other aspects of their studies such as language,science,history,and so on.Even if students don't enjoy their piano lessons,learning to play the piano teaches them discipline,which helps them in other school subjects.
   Sample 2
  In this picthre,there is a boy playing the piano while a woman watches him closely.I think she is the boy's mother since she is wearing an apron,which indicates that she is alsodoing housework at the same time.The boy has a frown on his face and he looks quite unhappy.He is thinking about playing football,but has to play the piano because his mother is watching him.He doesn't enjoy practicing the piano,but his mother knows that he should learn to be more disciplined and practice every day at something so that he can become very skilled at it.The mother knows that if the boy only practices what he likes to do,he will never learn discipline.Since discipline and hard work are very important to succeeding in life.the boy should learn at this age how to be dedicated to something even if he doesn't like it.
英語自學滬G381中學外語教與學賀云20022002A Piano Boy 作者:英語自學滬G381中學外語教與學賀云20022002
2013-09-10 21:44

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