表示正在發生的事情或進行的動作，常與now,listen,look等詞連用，結構是主語+be動詞(am, is, are)+動詞ing.
如：It is raining now.My parents are reading newspapers in the sitting room.Look! The children are having a running race now.表示經常反復發生的事情或動作，常與often, usually, sometimes, always, every day(week year…) on Sundays等詞連用。
結構是主語+動詞原形；當主語為第三人稱單數即he,she, it, Tom, my mother, the boy等詞時，動詞后加s或es.
如：We have an English lesson every day.Do the boys run faster than the girls? Yes, they do.問句借助于do, does否定句借助于don’t, doesn’t，后面動詞一定要還原。表示發生在過去的事情或存在的狀態，常與just now; a moment ago; … ago; yesterday; last ( week; month; year; Monday; weekend); this morning等詞連用。結構是主語+be動詞的過去式（was; were）或主語+動詞的過去式。
如：My earphones were on the ground just now.Where were you last week? I was at a camp.What did you do yesterday? I visited a farm
表示將要打算發生的事情或動作，常與tomorrow, next week(year; Tuesday…), this week( weekend ;evening; afternoon;…)today等詞連用。結構是主語+be(am, is, are) going to + 動原或主語+will +動原。
如：What are you going to do tomorrow? I am going to have a picnic.The childre are going to have a sports meeting next week.Tom will/is going to see a play with his father this evening.問句將be動詞或will移前；否定句在be動詞或will后加not.can; can’t; should; shouldn’t; must; may后一定加動詞原形。如：The girl can’t swim, but he can skate.Don’t talk in class, you should listen to the teacher carefully.肯定祈使句以動詞原形開頭；否定祈使句以don’t加動詞原形開頭。如：Open the box for me ,please.Liu Tao! Please get up earlier tomorrow.Helen! Don’t climb the tree,please.如: go swimming; go fishing;如：My mother is two years younger than my father.Liu Tao jumps as far as Ben.用like +動詞ing或like+ to + 動原。如： Su Yang likes growing flowers.The children like to play with lanterns at Spring Festival.用 would like +to+動原或want + to +動原。例：I’d like to visit the History Museum.=I want to visit the History Museum用于肯定句中，在否定句和問句中改為any,但當表示委婉語氣時仍用如：Can I have some writing paper? Would you like some orange juice?人稱代詞主格做主語用一般放在句首或動詞前，主格分別是 I you he she it we you they。
如：Open them for me. Let us …, join me等。賓格分別是me you him her it us you them。形容詞性物主代詞放在名詞前，不能單獨使用，分別是my your his her its our your their名詞性物主代詞相當于形物加名詞，它只能單獨使用后面不好加名詞，分別是mine yours his hers its ours yours theirs。如：on Saturday; on the second of April; on Wednesday morning如：in the morning/ afternoon/ evening;如orange—oranges; photo—photos;如：box—boxes; glass—glasses; waitress—waitresses; watch—watches;peach--peaches如：study—studies；library—libraries; hobby—hobbies; family—families;(4)以f, fe結尾的改f, fe 為v＋es如：knife—knives; thief—thieves（注:以o結尾的我們學過的只有mango加es, mango—mangoes其余加s,）man—men; woman—women; people—people; child—children如：do—does;go—goes;wash—washes;catch—catches如：study—studies; carry—carries;
如：ride—riding; dance—dancing; make—making;
如：clean—cleaned; milk—milked; play—played;
不規則的有：am,is—was; are—were; do,does—did; have,has—had; go—went; meet—met; sit—sat; see—saw; get—got; tell—told; run—ran; come—came; steal—stole; read—read;
如：big—bigger; thin—thinner; fat—fatter;
good, well—better(最高級為best); many, much--- more(最高級為most); far---farther;
如：There is a lot of rain there in spring. 那兒的春天有很多雨水。
(2) 作為動詞意思是下雨和下雪，有四種形式分別是：如：①Look! It is raining now. 瞧！天正在下雨。②It often rains in Nantong in summer.南通夏天經常下雨。③ It rained yesterday.昨天下了雨。
④It is going to rain tomorrow. 明天要下雨。
(3)形容詞為rainy 和snowy 意思是有雨的和有雪的如：It is often rainy here in spring.這兒的春天經常是有雨的。If it is rainy tomorrow, I’ll stay at home.如果明天是有雨的，我將呆在家里。如：My eyes are bigger than hers.Your school bag is heavier than mine. My computer is nicer than Nancy’s. My brother is stronger than me.表示某人有(has用于第三人稱單數)；There is/ are;眼鏡glasses; 耳機earphones; 鞋shoes;褲子trousers等詞本身是復數。如：My glasses were on the chair just now.如：There is a pair of chopsticks on the plate. This pair of earphones is for you.24. 五個元音字母分別是Aa, Ee, Ii, Oo, Uu;
如：There is an ’s’, a ‘t’, a ‘u’, a ‘d’ ,an ‘e’, an ‘n’,and a ‘t’ in the word ‘student’.
如6:10讀成 six ten; 7:30讀成seven thirty; 8:45讀成eight forty-five;
如：6：10讀成ten past six; 7:30讀成half past seven;如7：45讀成a quarter to eight; 9:50讀成ten to ten;基變序有規律，結尾加上th; 一二三特殊例，結尾字母t、d(即first, second, third);八去t， 九去e， ve要用f替（即eigh—eighth; nine—ninth; five-- fifth ;twelve—twelfth）；ty改y為ie后加th別忘記(即整十數如twenty—twentieth；forty—fortieth);幾十幾十位為基個位為序（如第二十一為twenty-first）。如:三月三日 the third of March;12月25日 the 25th of December.如：My parents are both teachers.
如：The students are all very excited.
如：at Christmas; on Christmas Day; at New Year; on New Year’s Day.exciting表示令人激動的，令人興奮的主語是事情如：The running race is very exciting, so all the students are very excited.如：Who runs faster, the boy or the girl? The boy doesWhich season do you like best? I like autumn best.Which season do you like better, summer or winter? I like winter better.前面用了do, does did, don’t, doesn’t didn’t后面動詞要還原。如：Did she watch TV last night?Helen doesn’t like taking photos.如：get home; get here; get there,另外go home; come here; go there也一樣。如：the girl with big eyes 大眼睛的女孩；如：the man in black穿黑衣服的男人或：the woman in the white skirt 穿白色短裙的婦女如：Let’s water the flowers together.是該做…的時候了用It’s time for+名詞或It’s time to +動原。如：幫我學英語是 help me with my English如：play the piano; play football39. 一周中的第一天是Sunday; 一年中的第一個月是January。如：get stronger; get longer
成長公社 2015-08-23 08:51:20